C.S. Arms, Inc.

Cliff Sophia, Proprietor

9150 John S. Mosby Hwy. (Rt. 50)

Upperville, VA  20185

(540) 592-7273 | sophiacsarms@aol.com

Open 10am - 5pm, Tuesday - Saturday

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Item No.: 9139 Price : SOLD
Description :
This is an original Colt Model 1860 Army Percussion Revolver manufactured in 1863.The .44 caliber, percussion Model 1860 was the standard service revolver of the Union Army during the Civil War. By war's end nearly 156,00 had been made. When Colt stopped production of the M1860 in 1873, over 200,000 had been made. They were quite popular and many were carried into the great American West. Recent research by Charles W. Pate, author of "The Colt Model 1860 Army Revolver", indicates that the Model 1860 revolvers were used up at a significant rate. He calculates that at war's end fewer than 45,000 remained serviceable. Many of those went home with soldiers as they mustered out. In May of 1867, the Ordnance Department reported only 1,611 Colt Army revolvers remained serviceable and available for issue. An additional 5,454 were in inventory and in need of repair. There were insufficient to equip the peace time cavalry. Immediately following the war, the military started a program of "Cleaning & Repair" to refurbish arms and make them serviceable. During this program, between 1867 and 1869, a group of 1,000 to 1,500 Colt Army revolvers were refurbished at the St. Louis Arsenal. These guns show evidence of a refinish, are often mismatched, and generally have the barrels shortened up to 1/4" from re-crowning. The most significant distinguishing factor of these revolvers is the "US" stamping at the front of the trigger guard. Mr. Pate was able to verify that many of this group of revolvers were issued to the 9th and 10th Cavalry Regiments. These regiments, made up of African-American troops, would come to be known and rise to fame as "The Buffalo Soldiers". It is estimated that 25% of this group of "US" marked revolvers were issued to the 10th Cavalry. This revolver is one of those refurbished and marked "US". It exhibits all of the features common to this small group of guns. The gun shows signs of refinish with faint markings on the frame and almost all of the cylinder scene polished off. The barrel has been shortened from 8" to just a hair over 7 3/4". The parts are mismatched and the fit of the grips is just a little off. Most importantly, there is a clear "US" stamped in front of the trigger guard. The revolver is in good to very good antique condition. There are only traces of finish remaining in the most protected areas. The barrel has a smooth light brown patina mottled with pewter color. The frame and cylinder have a more polished pewter patina. The nechanics work very well. The bore is very good. There are a few small pits, but the rifling is strong. The grips are in good condition, but there is a chip on the toe of the right grip. The right grip also has a faint remnant of the original inspector's cartouche. Both grips have some small dings and scratches from use. If you have an interest in the Buffalo Soldiers of the 9th and 10th U.S. Cavalry, this is a gun that may have actually been carried by one! Stock no. 24455



For CS Arms, Inc.
Shop Address:   Mailing Address:
9150 John S. Mosby Highway (Route 50)
in historic Upperville, VA
  Box 602
Upperville, VA. 20185
(540) 592-7273 or (540) 592-7274
E-Mail: sophiacsarms@aol.com

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